Below is the text of the speech made by John Glen, the Economic Secretary to the Treasury, to the Innovate Finance Global Summit on 19 March 2018.
Fantastic to see entrepreneurs, the giants of tech and finance, and the emerging players in FinTech under one roof…
…to celebrate the success of UK FinTech…
…and chart a future for the industry.
But we don’t need to navigate too far from our shores to witness how far we have come.
As a former Heritage Minister, I can see this link between our past, however ancient, and the present.
We should walk over to Bloomberg’s new headquarters at Queen Victoria Street…
…and admire the 405 Roman tablets found during its construction.
My favourite is an old promissory note detailing the payment of 105 denarii from Tibillus to Gratus – which is now the earliest dated document found in Romain Britain.
The irony that this was an ancient financial contract found in the heart of London…
…on a tablet, roughly the size of an iPad…
…didn’t escape anyone in the City!
As it always has been: the fulcrum of our financial future is right here – in London, and across the UK.
All of you are the levers – moving in tandem (and in healthy competition!) – to oil the engines of growth.
The world is changing so quickly that it would be an act of hubris to predict anything.
But one thing feels certain: you will all play a role in shaping that future.
Because FinTech will continue to transform the way we live our lives.
I’m very pleased to be here at IFGS kicking off UK FinTech week…
… a week packed full of great events from Edinburgh, Leeds, the University of Durham, the London Stock Exchange, the FCA and the Treasury’s own International FinTech Conference…
… I wouldn’t be doing my job unless I told you there is time for investors to register for this great event…
… an opportunity to hear from the Chancellor and other global leaders…
…about all we are doing to make the UK a great place to invest.
I would like to thank Innovate Finance – at the epicentre of the FinTech ecosystem – for doing such a great job in supporting this mandate.
This event is FinTech in microcosm…passion, drive, and ingenuity distilled into two days.
It is only right that the sector is brimming with confidence – the UK is the best place in the world for FinTech…
…and as Economic Secretary my mandate is to ensure it remains as such.
Today I have two intentions…
…first, to celebrate our status as a leading global FinTech hub…
…the second is to look at how we remain the leading global FinTech hub.
We are a leading FinTech hub
I hear rumblings from across the Channel that President Macron is looking to drag you all over to Paris. And I understand why – it’s a great city. So, hop on a Eurostar, enjoy a weekend away, stock up on croissants etc. Then come on back to London on Monday morning to carry on making money/go back to work/crack on as you have been
… because President Macron can’t argue against hard truths: that the FinTech sector is estimated to be worth over £6 billion to the UK economy…
…generating a staggering 60,000 jobs across 1,600 firms…
…a greater number than work in New York’s FinTech sector, or in the combined FinTech workforce of Singapore, Hong Kong and Australia.
And London has been independently verified by Deloitte as Europe’s best city to launch a FinTech firm.
They said of London: “it has “the ‘fin’ of New York, the ‘tech’ of the U.S. West Coast … all within a 15-minute journey on public transport”.
For the pundits – the economic case for supporting UK FinTech is compelling.
2017 was the best year on record for venture capital investment in UK FinTech.
It saw £1.3bn invested – spanning 224 deals, representing a 153% increase on 2016.
54% of this funding came from abroad: a strong, international, vote of confidence.
This is not by accident but by design – we have the talent, the minds, the markets, and the regulatory and tax environment.
And the UK is now in the enviable position of being the global leader in FinTech.
We don’t want to shift gears, or resort to complacency – but keep up the momentum, and remain the global leader.
What will this position of sustained global leadership look like? What are the ingredients to make this a reality?
I can think of three: competition, capital, and connectivity.
I strongly believe that the free market is the key to create wealth and fuel innovation.
Driven by this compelling economic logic, the government champions robust market competition.
So we welcome innovation in the delivery of financial services that promotes competition.
And we know that government has a role to play in supporting a competitive environment…
…and we fully embrace our position as a partner of British enterprise and of FinTech.
But government backing is not, and should not be a blunt or misdirected instrument.
Our regulators also appreciate this: which is why they rank amongst the most robust in the world….
…because the economy moves rapidly, so we need regulators to keep up and move at pace.
Take the explosion of growth in crypto-assets.
While the pipeline of opportunity presented by the underlying technology is immense, crypto-assets (such as Bitcoin) may pose risks.
So in our upcoming Fintech Sector Strategy, the government will announce further work with the FCA and Bank of England to consider these issues in more detail.
And more generally, policies have been implemented to intelligently support the environment in which FinTech operates.
The FCA has risen to this challenge, setting up Project Innovate and the Regulatory Sandbox, seen as the global gold standard in terms of support for FinTech by a regulator.
In 2015 the government also established the Payment Systems Regulator – the first of its kind worldwide – with statutory objectives to promote competition and innovation in payment systems.
Government is in the privileged position to ensure that firms have both the right incentives, and the right environment to deliver cheaper, better products to consumers.
The firms you represent are the future: the digital economy is growing faster than the wider economy. Which is why this government is backing you to the hilt.
At Autumn Budget 2017, the government launched a 10-year action plan to unlock over £20 billion to finance growth in innovative firms.
This includes a commitment to support new technologies…
…improving the domestic skills pipeline by expanding the range of technical education opportunities…
…and overhauling the UK’s digital infrastructure, including rolling out our first 5G networks.
But we’re not just helping companies get off the ground. We want to help you build your businesses into the sky.
Since 2010, the government has reduced the rate of corporation tax from 28% to 19% today, the lowest in the G20.
And we have legislated for corporate tax rate to fall further, to 17% in 2020.
You will be able to keep more of what you earn, and invest more in yourselves to stay ahead of the pack.
We are doubling annual investment limits in EIS and VCTs for knowledge-intensive companies, and their investors.
We also know that it’s important that companies continue to evolve and stay ahead of the competition.
So since 2013, we have doubled the generosity of R&D tax credits for SMEs.
We are backing this up with direct support: since 2016, we have announced £7bn of investment in science and innovation.
Despite the strides made, FinTech is not “done” – we are very much at the start of this story.
My priority is to ensure that FinTech continues to function in a way that works for all – and delivers benefits across society…
…as a force for positive change right across the UK.
FinTech has enormous potential to transform financial inclusion…
…through the democratic power of information and universal connectivity.
This connectivity is the natural by-product of such a dynamic ecosystem…
…by expanding access to the unbanked and the underserved…
…and unlocking invaluable support to people up, down, and across this country.
FinTech is a route to ensure that this happens – by helping people make the most out of their money.
Open Banking is a clear next step in this endeavour.
It empowers customers to make the most of their data, sharing it with FinTechs, giving them access to a better range of tailored products.
It opens the door to cheaper and more easily available loans for small businesses by making it easier for them to shop-around for deals.
The government has also launched the Rent Recognition Challenge.
Millions of families living in rented accommodation in Britain today are not getting access to credit.
That is because, currently, a history of meeting your rent payments on time is not reflected in your credit score, and is not taken into account when you come to apply for a loan, such as a mortgage.
The Treasury’s Challenge was designed to tackle this problem.
It offers a £2m prize fund to UK FinTechs, to develop new solutions enabling tenants to collect their rental data, and share it with lenders and credit reference agencies.
Today I am please to announce the six winners:
Bud – a financial network allowing users to interact with all their finances in one place
Canopy – a deposit-free renting service
Credit Ladder – the UK’s first tenant rent reporting service for the private rental sector
META Labs – who focus on harnessing digital data to support decision making
Movem – a digital passport for tenant referencing
RentalStep – a rental platform helping tenants boost their credit scores
Government has an important role to play in fostering a strong, enduring and competitive FinTech sector.
But if Britain is going to continue to lead the way forward in world FinTech – it is ultimately down to you…
…the companies, the universities, financial services firms, investors, accelerators.
Collaboration and cooperation will be vital in bring further innovation to fruition.
We won’t be resting on our laurels…
…because that’s one of the things about this industry…
…you have to keep moving, and you have to keep improving.
I often hear it said that necessity is the mother of invention.
But I challenge this…because it seems to me that our modern economy has exceeded the bounds of this proverb.
If necessity powers invention, how then do we explain the explosion of creation…
…that has come from mere curiosity…
…from questions asked by frustrated minds trapped in the confines of the 9-5…
…from students dreaming big in university halls?
It is a sign of our times that invention is no longer birthed by necessity…
…but by innovation which goes further than any of us thought necessary or possible.
I look forward to taking this conversation forward with you all.
Thank you very much.